Smoking remains one of the largest risk factors for preventable disease and is also one of the major contributors to the gap in life expectancy and years lived in good health between the most and least affluent groups.
The size of a pack is one of the last few ways that tobacco companies can directly encourage smoking. Read more about the need for evidence to show whether capping cigarette pack sizes would help people to cut down their smoking here.
Our new systematic review protocol is now published in the Cochrane Library. This protocol is an update to a previous review published in 2018, which found that adding calorie labels to menus and next to food in restaurants, coffee shops and cafeterias, could reduce the calories that people consume, although the quality of evidence was low.
Health warning labels (HWLs) on tobacco products reduce smoking. Initial findings suggest HWLs can reduce alcohol selection in online hypothetical studies, but there is an absence of evidence on their impact on selection or purchasing in naturalistic settings.